It can take various forms, but essentially it means using matching grammatical structures in words, phrases or clauses that should work in parallel. For example, consider the sentence: For breakfast we like eggs and to grill bacon. Here, eggs is a noun but to grill is a verb.
Better to write: For breakfast we like eggs and bacon , or: For breakfast we like to fry eggs and grill bacon. Producing something that reads effortlessly is a challenge. But thinking about and applying these seven straightforward tips will benefit your writing experience. Even more importantly, it will make everything a whole lot clearer — and life a lot easier — for your readers.
Stan Carey is a scientist turned editor and writer. He blogs for Emphasis about how to harness the power of plain language in your professional writing. Writing guides generally agree that short words are preferable. Many take their cue from traditional authorities such as the Fowler brothers, who on page one of […]. But reports and other documents that do work tend to have something in common — smart editing.
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Browse all our courses for individuals. Individual coaching. Browse our online courses for individuals. Messy structure Many technical documents confuse readers and fail to achieve their aims because they were not planned properly to begin with.
Too much jargon Who your readers are will inform the content and style of your text. Poor punctuation All writers have a passing knowledge of the main set of punctuation marks. Inconsistency Technical writing should convey coherent ideas and trains of thought. Too much abstraction People writing in a formal or semi-formal context often go overboard in an effort to make their prose sound proper and elevated.
Unclear antecedents An antecedent is a word, phrase, or clause referred to by another word, which is usually a pronoun like it , they , or who. Dense presentation Technical writing can be very … technical. Author: Stan Carey. Read more Popular topics Advice and tips Grammar Choose your words wisely Plain English Email Language abuse Uncategorised Report writing Punctuation Reader-centred writing Technology Podcast Technical writers do not have to be subject-matter experts SMEs themselves and generally collaborate with SMEs to complete tasks that require more knowledge about a subject than they possess.
Technical writing must be accurate. A technical writer, after analyzing their audience, knows what they are trying to communicate. The goal from there is to convey the message in an accurate and ethical manner. Physical, environmental, or financial repercussions could result if a writer does this incorrectly. Knowing the audience is important to accuracy because the language will be tailored according to what they understand about the subject at hand. For example, instructions on how to correctly and safely build a bookshelf are included when purchased. Those instructions are constructed so that anyone could follow along, including accurate details as to where each fastener goes.
If those instructions were inaccurate, the bookshelf could be unstable and fail. Document design and layout are also very important components of technical writing.
Technical document design stresses proper usage of document design choices like bullet points, font-size, and bold text. Technical writing covers many genres and writing styles depending on the information and audience. Almost anyone who works in a professional setting produces technical documents of some variety. Some examples of technical writing include:.
Language and structure
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Further information: Technical writer. Accessed December 9, Society for Technical Communication. Retrieved February 10, Technical Communication 10th Edition. I'd Rather Be Writing. Retrieved May 4, Montana State University Billings. After the week instruction, the students were tested. The open-book test was used, i.
The Structure of Technical English | Books | Haval Bookstore
For example: microphone— a device for transforming sound waves into an electric current. Part 2 consists of two short passages, one taken from the materials the students have learned and the other from the materials they have not read before, so that both ability and achievement are tested.
Results and Discussion The results of the tests show that the students can pick much knowledge through learning the materials and do the translation See Table 1 for scores. Hutchinson and Waters point out that even the differences in vocabulary are far less significant than might be expected.
There are four types of vocabulary: a structural: e. Let us study the following two sample paragraphs taken from the course material: This grinding operation is completed by a single spindle grinding head which operates in conjunction with a positioning table on which the component is placed by the robot. Features of this station include an automatic wheel-dressing unit and a visual display which indicates the end of effective wheel life.
Wheel feed is actuated by a hydraulic system giving variable feed rate and thrust.
The Structure of Technical English by Herbert a J
This washing module is, in effect, a modified version of a CERA free standing washing machine, with inter-station parts handling. Most of the words are general. In , different contexts or scientific fields, the same word may mean differently. To choose the correct word meaning of the polysemic word, the basic knowledge of the subject is very important and affects the understanding of the word meaning.
Because of the difficulty to get the more detailed video materials and pictures for the teaching materials, sometimes only the black and white illustrations in the texts were used. With the visual aids such as the video tapes, photos, etc. The teacher guides the students to speak. Gradually, the students can be required to , use simple English to talk on their subjects. References: Herbert, A. The structure of technical English. London: Longmans, Green and Co Ltd. English for specific purposes. Shanghai: Foreign Language Education Press.